Full Encyclopaedia of a Diabetic
by Khavra Astamirova and Mikhail Akhmanov
Preface to the first edition, 1998-1999. Forewarned is forearmed
Preface to the second edition, 2000-2003 ãã. The history of creation
of "Full Encyclopaedia of a Diabetic"
Preface to the third edition, 2004 ã. Life is going on, endowing
us with new gifts.
Part 1. Basic information about diabetes mellitus
Chapter 1. Pancreas, its purpose and functional mechanism
Circulatory, nervous and endocrine systems
Pancreas structure and fuctions
Sugar metabolism in the organism
Kidney functions, kidney threshold concept
Liver and fat tissue functions
Chapter 2. Diabetes mellitus
Concept of diabetes mellitus
Types of diabetes mellitus
Causes of origin of diabetes mellitus
Inheriting of diabetes mellitus
Peculiar types of diabetes
Chapter 3. Review of information a diabetic should know
Understanding of the nature of the disease
Drugs and methods of their application
Diet, exercise and regime
Acute and chronic diabetes complications
Chapter 4. Non-traditional and homoeopathic methods of diabetes
Yogi exercise in case of diabetes - truth and inventions
Massage, types of respiratory exercises, needle-pricking,
water and airy procedures. Tibetian medicine.
Warning against extrasensors and suspicious mixtures
(Herbalife use, etc.).
Chapter 5. Organization of diabetics care (in Russia, Moscow and
St.Petersburg as an example)
City endocrine service diagram
Out-patient departments, clinics and hospitals
Manufacturers of medicines and various devices for diabetics
Legislative acts and diabetes patients rights
Chapter 6. About trust
Part 2. Diabetes treatment
Chapter 7. Preliminary information about treatment and control
Concept of treatment and control of diabetes
Treatment of diabetes at health resorts
Chapter 8. Type I diabetes. Insulin and its injections
Insulin processing and insulin types
Packing, marking, storage and period of storage of
Factors on which insulin action depends
Injection methods and insulin injection areas
Dependency of insulin efficiency on time and its graphic
Information about new types of insulin
After-effects of insulin injections
Interchangeability of insulins
Syringes and pen-injectors for insulin injections
Companies-producers of insulin, syringes and pen-injectors
Chapter 9. Type I diabetes. Dosages and insulin injection diagrams
One time a day injection of long-acting insulin
Two times a day injection of long-acting insulin
Combination of long-acting and regular insulins in cases
of two times and three times a day injections
Selection of insulin injection diagram and dosage
Chapter 10. Type II diabetes. Blood glucose lowering agents, herb
treatment, vitamins and mineral supplements
Classification and dosage of oral hypoglycemic agents,
mechanism of action
Means of homoeopathy and phytotherapy - blood glucose
lowering herbs, kidney and liver herbs
Vitamins and mineral supplements, their significance
Chapter 11. Diet
Nutrition components - carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Sugars classification and their absorption rates
Types of foods: sweet, starchy and groats, dairy,
meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, alcohol, sugar substitutes
Table of characteristics of the principal foods: contents
of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral
supplements, cholesterol, food calorific value
Concept of Bread Units (BU) and carbohydrates substitution
system (substitution table)
Sugar absorption prolongators
Sugar substitutes and their by-effects
Balanced diet (quantity of Bread Units (BU), their
distribution per food intake, diet calorific value
depending on work performed)
High cholesterol foods
Diet violation ("special" cases)
Diet features in cases of type I and type II diabetes
The notion of glycemic index
Biologically active food supplements
Diabetics foods and their marking
Part 3. Acute and chronic complications with diabetes
Chapter 12. Hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis
Mechanism of origin, symptoms
Ways of prevention
Chapter 13. Hypoglycemia
Mechanism of origin, symptoms
Ways of prevention, hypoglycemia treatment tactics
Chapter 14. Chronic complications
General information on chronic complications
Diabetes and the most wide spread diseases (vascular
diseases, eyes diseases, kidney diseases, gastro-intestinal
diseases, liver, urinary bladder, pulmanary, joint, micosy,
diabetes impact on the sex function, pregnancy and delivery)
Heart and vascular diseases.
Eyes - retinopathy (disease mechanism, after-effects,
treatment procedures and drugs)
Legs, feet - polyneuropathy (disease mechanism,
after-effects, treatment procedures and drugs, feet care)
Kidneys - diabetic nephropathy (disease mechanism,
after-effects, treatment procedures and drugs)
Teeth and mouth (mechanism of disease, after-effects,
treatment procedures and prophylaxy).
Fungus diseases (disease mechanism, after-effects,
treatment procedures and drugs)
Features of male diabetes - impotence.
Features of female diabetes - contagious diseases of
urinary and genital systems, pregnancy and delivery.
Part 4. Diabetes control
Chapter 15. Controlled parameters
List and description of parameters
Keeping a diary, forms of diary (including a PC diary)
Chapter 16. Methods and devices for diabetes control
Methods of blood glucose measurement by means of test
stripes and glucometers
Glucometers models, kinds of test stripes
Urine sugar measurement
Urine acetone measurement
GlucoWatch G2 Automatic Glucose Biographer
Blood glucose measurement in hospitals
Chapter 17. Control strategies and tactics
Strategies - analyses necessary to perform several
times a year
Tactics - routine analyses, calculation of BU quantity,
evaluation of exercise, keeping a diary
Weight control, body mass index
Blood pressure monitoring
Complicated kinds of analyses
Chapter 18. Exercise and diabetes
Activity calculation and planning - the basis of
Planned factors - insulin dosage, nutrition, duration
and intensity of exercise
Tables one can use to estimate intensity of exercise.
Set of exercises for those who suffer from heart diseases.
Set of exercises to improve blood circulation in feet.
Part 5. By and around diabetes
Chapter 19. Historical information about diabetes treatment.
Diabetes Is the Oldest Disease. The Papyrus Ebers
(Ancient Egypt, 1500 B.C.); Ancient Greece and Rome;
China, Tibet, India; medieval Europe and Arab countries
- Paracelsus and Avicenna.
Prelude - the Nineteenth Century. The object of endocrinology
and the history of its creation; Bernard, Brown-Sequard,
Langerhans, Minkowski, Sobolev and others; their discoveries
The First Revolution - the history of discovery of insulin.
The situation with diabetes during the first two decades
of the twentieth century. The discivery of insulin by
Banting and Best.
The Second Revolution - the creation of blood glucose
The Third Revolution - self-control of diabetes.
New insulin, drugs, devices (glucometer) and analyses.
Self-control of diabetes is a way of life. The history of
invention of syringes.
Chapter 20. Literature for Diabetic's Training.
Review of the most well-known and useful books destined for
people with diabetes:
"American Diabetes Association Complete Guide to Diabetes";
"Diabetes. The Facts Let You Regain Control of Your Life"
by C.Kilo and J.R.Williamson;
"Insulin-dependent Diabetes in Children, Adolescents and
Adults. How to become an expert on your own diabetes" by
"Book about type I diabetes for children, teenagers, parents
and others" by P.Hurtel and L.B.Trevis and other editions.
Chapter 21. Dubious books of shady healers
Weeping breath of a healer-historian
Chinese economist as a healer
Fake shaman (or sorcerer)
Pack of healers
Chapter 22. A bit of inspiration
Diabetics - Who Are They? Athletes, actors, politicians,
scientists, writers, Indian yogis. Historical personalities
who suffered from diabetes.
Diabetic Folklore. Memorable dates, celebrations, proverbs,
slogans, sayings of famous people.
How they do it in America (interview with Mikhail Akhmanov).
Part 6. Perspectives and hopes
Chapter 23. Mathematical model of diabetes compensation
(chapter for those with engineering and technical
Computer means for compensation of diabetes
Chapter 24. Short-term and long-term perspectives
Insulins perfection. Insulin in tablets.
Artificial pancreas, artificial beta cell.
Transplantation of pancreas. New supporting medicines.
New devices for compensation control (glucovoch,
non-invasive glucometers). Perspectives of full recovery
Appendix. The tricks of cook for diabetics. About three hundred
recipes including sweet dishes.
Fruit and vegetable salads. Vinaigrettes.
Vegetable and mushroom dishes.
Cold and hot soups without potatoes. Soups with potatoes.
Meat and fish dishes.
Curd, cheese and egg dishes.
Sweet dishes, jams, preserves and stewed fruits